The introduction of a new design and construction system defined
UZBEKISTAN, July 6 – On July 6, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev chaired a videoconference on priority tasks in construction, architecture and urban planning.
Construction is one of the leading sectors of the economy. Due to the vast opportunities available in the field, the volume and scale of work has increased. Over the past five years, more than 8,000 buildings for 250,000 apartments, 21,000 services and more than 10,000 social facilities and 31,000 businesses have been built.
During the same period, the volume of construction works increased 4 times, amounting to UZS 107 trillion in 2021 and UZS 46 trillion in five months of this year.
Such growth, of course, pleases. Along with this, there are still gaps in the industry, mainly in design and quality assurance. Priority is given to construction, but attention to architecture has waned. In this regard, the issues of rationalization of construction and design works were discussed at the meeting.
In many places, previously approved master plans no longer match current population and economic growth. According to the analysis of foreign experts, if there are no master plans, infrastructure costs will double by 2030 and agricultural land will be reduced by 30,000 hectares.
The introduction of a new construction and design works regulation system at the mahalla, district, city, regional and republican levels was determined at the meeting.
It was decided to create a Republican Council for the elaboration of master plans for the regions. The post of chief architect with the status of first deputy minister will be introduced within the Ministry of Construction. Project offices headed by the first vice-hokims and chief architects of the regions will be opened in the regions. The architects will manage the district and city building departments.
The development of the master plans will take place in 3 stages. In the first stage, the Republican Council will have to approve the master plan of the region indicating the orientations of development for perspectives of 5, 10 and 20 years, defining the limits of the land and the infrastructures therein. On this basis, in the second stage, a master plan for the region will be drawn up. It will define industrial, service and residential areas, the location of roads and infrastructure networks. In the third stage, the chief architects and first deputies of the hokim of the regions, districts and cities will approve the master plans, which will specify the location of housing, schools, kindergartens, hospitals, businesses and service facilities.
In short, from now on, the Ministry of Construction will not solve problems such as determining the location of a store in the mahallas or the lighting of the building. These issues will be addressed at district and mahalla level.
The Head of State raised the issue of improving town planning rules and bringing them into line with international standards. In particular, the procedure for obtaining the conclusion of technical advice for projects developed on the basis of international standards will be abolished. Projects having passed the expertise abroad will be recognized directly.
In addition, the system of pricing goods and services in construction was not orderly. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to job evaluation. As a result, there is a wide spectrum of embezzlement and corruption.
In this respect, it was decided to exclude 147 standards relating to the evaluation of construction works from the town planning regulations. The task was set to launch the “Construction Resource Classifier” platform and create conditions for the formation of the price market for more than 100,000 construction materials and services.
An electronic catalog of standard social facilities projects will also be created in order to reduce the time needed to prepare projects under the “Shaffof Qurilish” programme. All customers, design organizations and sub-contractors can use them freely. At the meeting, the business activities of a single client under the hokimiyats of the regions were analyzed. Instructions were given to attract foreign executives, qualified architects and engineers, digitize the construction process and take into account the volume of work involved.
At the same time, from next year, the functions of single client companies for the development of pre-project documentation, the technical supervision of new constructions will be gradually outsourced to the private sector.
The president addressed the issue of build quality.
As noted at the meeting, there is a separate state inspectorate in this area, the employees of which see their main task in imposing fines. Although 70% of construction defects are repeated and they are easy to prevent.
In this regard, it was noted that there is a need to review inspection activities and focus its work on analyzing and eliminating the causes of systemic failures in construction. The Ministry of Construction has been instructed to digitize all processes, from registration of objects to their commissioning.
With regard to staff training, the need to provide academic and financial independence to the architectural institutes of Tashkent and Samarkand was highlighted. Training will be provided based on international educational programs. Students will be assigned to leading design and survey institutes and construction clusters.
Shortcomings in mortgage lending were also discussed at the meeting. In particular, the budget for the current year includes UZS 13 trillion in credit resources to commercial banks for 43,000 housing units and UZS 1,200 billion in subsidies for 29,000 people. However, to date, only 28-30% of these funds have been allocated.
In this regard, instructions were given to reduce bureaucracy, organize mortgage centers that will provide comprehensive services to the population.
Ministers, hokim and their deputies reported on the issues discussed and expressed their opinions and suggestions.